Laravel 9 Ajax CRUD Example Tutorial

Laravel 9 Ajax CRUD Example Tutorial - Lara Tutorials

Laravel 9 Ajax CRUD with modal popup using Datatables example; In this tutorial, we will learn how to make an ajax crud application using dataTable js, bootstrap modal, and jQuery in laravel 9 apps.

Laravel 9 Ajax CRUD Tutorial with Modal Popup Example

Use the following steps to create an ajax laravel 9 crud with popup modal using dataTable js:

  • Step 1 – Download Laravel 9 App
  • Step 2 – Configure Database with App
  • Step 3 – Installing Yajra Datatables
  • Step 4 – Make Model & Migration
  • Step 5 – Make Routes
  • Step 6 – Create AJAX CRUD Datatables Controller
  • Step 7 – Create Blade Views File
    • companies.blade.php
    • company-action.blade.php
  • Step 8 – Run Development Server

Step 1 – Download Laravel 9 App

First of all, download or install laravel 9 new setup. So, open the terminal and type the following command to install the new laravel 9 app into your machine:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel LaravelAJAXCRUDDataTable

Step 2 – Configure Database with App

Setup database with your downloaded/installed laravel 9 app. So, you need to find .env file and setup database details as following:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=database-name
DB_USERNAME=database-user-name
DB_PASSWORD=database-password

Step 3 – Installing Yajra Datatables

Navigate to your downloaded laravel 9 app directory. And then install Yajra Datatables Packages in your laravel 9 by using the following command:

composer require yajra/laravel-datatables-oracle

Then configure datatables package. So go to config directory and open app.php file. And add the following service providers into app.php file:

config/app.php
 
 'providers' => [
    
   Yajra\Datatables\DatatablesServiceProvider::class,
],
 
 'aliases' => [
 
  'Datatables' => Yajra\Datatables\Facades\Datatables::class,
] 

Then publish laravel datatables vendor package by using the following command:

php artisan vendor:publish

Step 4 – Make Model & Migration

Open again your command prompt. And run the following command on it. To create model and migration file:

php artisan make:model Company -m

After that, open create_companies_table.php file inside /database/migrations/ directory. And the update the function up() with following code:

public function up()
{
    Schema::create('companies', function (Blueprint $table) {
        $table->id();
        $table->string('name');
        $table->string('email');
        $table->string('address');
        $table->timestamps();
    });
}

Then, open again command prompt and run the following command to create tables into database:

php artisan migrate

After that, visit app/models directory and open company.php model file. Then add the following code into it:

<?php
 
namespace App\Models;
 
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
 
class Company extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
 
    protected $fillable = [ 'name', 'email', 'address' ];
}

Step 5 – Make Routes

Then create routes for laravel crud app. So, open web.php file from the routes directory of laravel CRUD app. And update the following routes into the web.php file:

use App\Http\Controllers\DataTableAjaxCRUDController;
 
Route::get('ajax-crud-datatable', [DataTableAjaxCRUDController::class, 'index']);
Route::post('store-company', [DataTableAjaxCRUDController::class, 'store']);
Route::post('edit-company', [DataTableAjaxCRUDController::class, 'edit']);
Route::post('delete-company', [DataTableAjaxCRUDController::class, 'destroy']);

Step 6 – Create AJAX CRUD Datatables Controller

Create a controller by using the following command on the command prompt to create a controller file:

php artisan make:controller DataTableAjaxCRUDController

After that, visit at app/Http/controllers and open DataTableAjaxCRUDController.php file. And update the following code into it:

<?php
 
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
 
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
 
use App\Models\Company;
 
use Datatables;
 
class DataTableAjaxCRUDController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        if(request()->ajax()) {
            return datatables()->of(Company::select('*'))
            ->addColumn('action', 'company-action')
            ->rawColumns(['action'])
            ->addIndexColumn()
            ->make(true);
        }
        return view('companies');
    }
      
      
    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {  
 
        $companyId = $request->id;
 
        $company   =   Company::updateOrCreate(
                    [
                     'id' => $companyId
                    ],
                    [
                    'name' => $request->name, 
                    'email' => $request->email,
                    'address' => $request->address
                    ]);    
                         
        return Response()->json($company);
 
    }
      
      
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\company  $company
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit(Request $request)
    {   
        $where = array('id' => $request->id);
        $company  = Company::where($where)->first();
      
        return Response()->json($company);
    }
      
      
    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\company  $company
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy(Request $request)
    {
        $company = Company::where('id',$request->id)->delete();
      
        return Response()->json($company);
    }
}

Step 6 – Create Blade Views File

Create two blade views file, which is following:

  • companies.blade.php
  • company-action.blade.php

Go to resources/views directory. And create companies.blade.php and company-action.blade.php. And update the following code into the following this files:

companies.blade.php:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Laravel 9 AJAX CRUD using DataTable js Tutorial From Scratch - Tutsmake.com</title>
<meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" >
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
<link  href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.21/css/jquery.dataTables.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
<script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.21/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="container mt-2">
<div class="row">
<div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
<div class="pull-left">
<h2>Laravel 9 Ajax CRUD DataTables Tutorial</h2>
</div>
<div class="pull-right mb-2">
<a class="btn btn-success" onClick="add()" href="javascript:void(0)"> Create Company</a>
</div>
</div>
</div>
@if ($message = Session::get('success'))
<div class="alert alert-success">
<p>{{ $message }}</p>
</div>
@endif
<div class="card-body">
<table class="table table-bordered" id="ajax-crud-datatable">
<thead>
<tr>
<th>Id</th>
<th>Name</th>
<th>Email</th>
<th>Address</th>
<th>Created at</th>
<th>Action</th>
</tr>
</thead>
</table>
</div>
</div>
<!-- boostrap company model -->
<div class="modal fade" id="company-modal" aria-hidden="true">
<div class="modal-dialog modal-lg">
<div class="modal-content">
<div class="modal-header">
<h4 class="modal-title" id="CompanyModal"></h4>
</div>
<div class="modal-body">
<form action="javascript:void(0)" id="CompanyForm" name="CompanyForm" class="form-horizontal" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="hidden" name="id" id="id">
<div class="form-group">
<label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Company Name</label>
<div class="col-sm-12">
<input type="text" class="form-control" id="name" name="name" placeholder="Enter Company Name" maxlength="50" required="">
</div>
</div>  
<div class="form-group">
<label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Company Email</label>
<div class="col-sm-12">
<input type="email" class="form-control" id="email" name="email" placeholder="Enter Company Email" maxlength="50" required="">
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Company Address</label>
<div class="col-sm-12">
<input type="text" class="form-control" id="address" name="address" placeholder="Enter Company Address" required="">
</div>
</div>
<div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-10">
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="btn-save">Save changes
</button>
</div>
</form>
</div>
<div class="modal-footer">
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<!-- end bootstrap model -->
</body>
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready( function () {
$.ajaxSetup({
headers: {
'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
}
});
$('#ajax-crud-datatable').DataTable({
processing: true,
serverSide: true,
ajax: "{{ url('ajax-crud-datatable') }}",
columns: [
{ data: 'id', name: 'id' },
{ data: 'name', name: 'name' },
{ data: 'email', name: 'email' },
{ data: 'address', name: 'address' },
{ data: 'created_at', name: 'created_at' },
{data: 'action', name: 'action', orderable: false},
],
order: [[0, 'desc']]
});
});
function add(){
$('#CompanyForm').trigger("reset");
$('#CompanyModal').html("Add Company");
$('#company-modal').modal('show');
$('#id').val('');
}   
function editFunc(id){
$.ajax({
type:"POST",
url: "{{ url('edit-company') }}",
data: { id: id },
dataType: 'json',
success: function(res){
$('#CompanyModal').html("Edit Company");
$('#company-modal').modal('show');
$('#id').val(res.id);
$('#name').val(res.name);
$('#address').val(res.address);
$('#email').val(res.email);
}
});
}  
function deleteFunc(id){
if (confirm("Delete Record?") == true) {
var id = id;
// ajax
$.ajax({
type:"POST",
url: "{{ url('delete-company') }}",
data: { id: id },
dataType: 'json',
success: function(res){
var oTable = $('#ajax-crud-datatable').dataTable();
oTable.fnDraw(false);
}
});
}
}
$('#CompanyForm').submit(function(e) {
e.preventDefault();
var formData = new FormData(this);
$.ajax({
type:'POST',
url: "{{ url('store-company')}}",
data: formData,
cache:false,
contentType: false,
processData: false,
success: (data) => {
$("#company-modal").modal('hide');
var oTable = $('#ajax-crud-datatable').dataTable();
oTable.fnDraw(false);
$("#btn-save").html('Submit');
$("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", false);
},
error: function(data){
console.log(data);
}
});
});
</script>
</html>

Explaination of above given jQuery, ajax and javascript code:

On the companies.blade.php, we have created 5 jQuery, ajax, and javascript custom and built-in yajra datatables functions, which are the followings:

  • add()

The add() function will contain the given code and it’s show company add modal:

function add(){
$('#CompanyForm').trigger("reset");
$('#CompanyModal').html("Add Company");
$('#company-modal').modal('show');
$('#id').val('');
}  

editFunc()

The editFunc() function will contain the given code and it’s show company edit modal with company details:

function editFunc(id){
$.ajax({
type:"POST",
url: "{{ url('edit-company') }}",
data: { id: id },
dataType: 'json',
success: function(res){
$('#CompanyModal').html("Edit Company");
$('#company-modal').modal('show');
$('#id').val(res.id);
$('#name').val(res.name);
$('#address').val(res.address);
$('#email').val(res.email);
}
});
} 

deleteFunc()

The add() function will contain below given code and it’s delete company from database and yajra datatables:

function deleteFunc(id){
if (confirm("Delete Record?") == true) {
var id = id;
// ajax
$.ajax({
type:"POST",
url: "{{ url('delete-company') }}",
data: { id: id },
dataType: 'json',
success: function(res){
var oTable = $('#ajax-crud-datatable').dataTable();
oTable.fnDraw(false);
}
});
}
}

DataTable()

The DataTable() function will contain below given code and it’s render list of companies with pagination, search, sorting functionality:

$('#ajax-crud-datatable').DataTable({
processing: true,
serverSide: true,
ajax: "{{ url('ajax-crud-datatable') }}",
columns: [
{ data: 'id', name: 'id' },
{ data: 'name', name: 'name' },
{ data: 'email', name: 'email' },
{ data: 'address', name: 'address' },
{ data: 'created_at', name: 'created_at' },
{data: 'action', name: 'action', orderable: false},
],
order: [[0, 'desc']]
});

jQuery submit()

This submit function will send data to controller file using ajax for insert or update form data into database:

$('#CompanyForm').submit(function(e) {
e.preventDefault();
var formData = new FormData(this);
$.ajax({
type:'POST',
url: "{{ url('store-company')}}",
data: formData,
cache:false,
contentType: false,
processData: false,
success: (data) => {
$("#company-modal").modal('hide');
var oTable = $('#ajax-crud-datatable').dataTable();
oTable.fnDraw(false);
$("#btn-save").html('Submit');
$("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", false);
},
error: function(data){
console.log(data);
}
});
});

company-action.blade.php

<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="tooltip" onClick="editFunc({{ $id }})" data-original-title="Edit" class="edit btn btn-success edit">
Edit
</a>
<a href="javascript:void(0);" id="delete-compnay" onClick="deleteFunc({{ $id }})" data-toggle="tooltip" data-original-title="Delete" class="delete btn btn-danger">
Delete
</a>

company-action.blade.php

<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="tooltip" onClick="editFunc({{ $id }})" data-original-title="Edit" class="edit btn btn-success edit">
Edit
</a>
<a href="javascript:void(0);" id="delete-compnay" onClick="deleteFunc({{ $id }})" data-toggle="tooltip" data-original-title="Delete" class="delete btn btn-danger">
Delete
</a>

Don’t forget to add the following yajra Datatables, jquery, and bootstrap library on companies.blade.php file:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" >
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
<link  href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.21/css/jquery.dataTables.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
<script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.21/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>

Step 8 – Run Development Server

The last step, open the command prompt and run the following command to start developement server:

php artisan serve

Then open your browser and hit the following url on it:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/ajax-crud-datatable

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